Post-Sport Male Athlete Nutrition and Mental Health




nutrition, sports, male athletes


This publication aims to bring to light the experiences of current and former adult male athletes and their eating habits. Although there is literature on female athlete eating habits, there is a general gap in literature on male athlete eating habits. Thus, we've decided to conduct a qualitative case study research design to begin studying this topic. The goal of this study was to collect, analyze, and disseminate data related to this topic in order to further research and hopefully set the table for quantitative studies on this topic in the future. We’ve collected detailed accounts from 5 current and former adult male athletes about their a) nutrition in relation to health, b) nutrition in relation to sport performance, c) access to information and advisement related to nutrition, d) changes in nutrition through the course of sport and life, e) post-sport nutrition, and f) post-sport health.


Download data is not yet available.


Aerenhouts, D., Deriemaeker, P., Hebbelinck, M., & Clarys, P. (2011). Energy and macronutrient intake in adolescent sprint athletes: A follow-up study. Journal of Sports Sciences, 29(1), 73-82.

Alaunyte, I., Perry, J. L., & Aubrey, T. (2015). Nutritional knowledge and eating habits of professional rugby league players: does knowledge translate into practice?. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition, 12(1), 18.

Braun, H., von Andrian-Werburg, J., Schänzer, W., & Thevis, M. (2018). Nutrition status of young elite female German football players. Pediatric exercise science, 30(1), 157-167.

Couture, S., Lamarche, B., Morissette, E., Provencher, V., Valois, P., Goulet, C., & Drapeau, V. (2015). Evaluation of sports nutrition knowledge and recommendations among high school coaches. International journal of sport nutrition and exercise metabolism, 25(4), 326-334.

Cupisti, A., D’Alessandro, C., Castrogiovanni, S., Barale, A., & Morelli, E. (2002). Nutrition knowledge and dietary composition in Italian adolescent female athletes and non-athletes. International journal of sport nutrition and exercise metabolism, 12(2), 207-219.

Debnath, M., Chatterjee, S., Bandyopadhyay, A., Datta, G., & Dey, S. K. (2019). Prediction of athletic performance through nutrition knowledge and practice: a cross-sectional study among young team athletes. Sport Mont, 17(3), 13-20.

Devlin, B. L., & Belski, R. (2015). Exploring general and sports nutrition and food knowledge in elite male Australian athletes. International journal of sport nutrition and exercise metabolism, 25(3), 225-232.

Dobrowolski, H., Karczemna, A., & Włodarek, D. (2020). Nutrition for female soccer players— recommendations. Medicina, 56(1), 28.

Dobrowolski, H., & Włodarek, D. (2019). Dietary intake of polish female soccer players. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(7), 1134.

Folasire, O. F., Akomolafe, A. A., & Sanusi, R. A. (2015). Does nutrition knowledge and practice of athletes translate to enhanced athletic performance? Cross-sectional study amongst Nigerian undergraduate athletes. Global journal of health science, 7(5), 215.

Gibson, J. C., Stuart-Hill, L., Martin, S., & Gaul, C. (2011). Nutrition status of junior elite Canadian female soccer athletes. International journal of sport nutrition and exercise metabolism, 21(6), 507-514.

Gomez-Hixson, K., Biagioni, E., & Brown, M. L. (2022). Significant differences in dietary intake of NCAA Division III soccer players compared to recommended levels. Journal of American College Health, 70(1), 150-157.

Jagim, A. R., Fields, J. B., Magee, M., Kerksick, C., Luedke, J., Erickson, J., & Jones, M. T. (2021). The influence of sport nutrition knowledge on body composition and perceptions of dietary requirements in collegiate athletes. Nutrients, 13(7), 2239.

Jenner, S. L., Devlin, B. L., Forsyth, A. K., & Belski, R. (2020). Assessing the nutrition knowledge of professional female Australian football (AFLW) athletes. Science and Medicine in Football, 4(3), 240-245.

Jessri, M., Jessri, M., RashidKhani, B., & Zinn, C. (2010). Evaluation of Iranian college athletes’ sport nutrition knowledge. International journal of sport nutrition and exercise metabolism, 20(3), 257-263.

Manore, M. M., Patton-Lopez, M. M., Meng, Y., & Wong, S. S. (2017). Sport nutrition knowledge, behaviors and beliefs of high school soccer players. Nutrients, 9(4), 350.

Martin, L., Lambeth, A., & Scott, D. (2006). Nutritional practices of national female soccer players: Analysis and recommendations. Journal of sports science & medicine, 5(1), 130.

Mullinix, M. C., Jonnalagadda, S. S., Rosenbloom, C. A., Thompson, W. R., & Kicklighter, J. R. (2003). Dietary intake of female US soccer players. Nutrition Research, 23(5), 585-593.

Posthumus, L., Fairbairn, K., Darry, K., Driller, M., Winwood, P., & Gill, N. (2021). Competition nutrition practices of elite male professional rugby union players. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(10), 5398.

Rash, C. L., Malinauskas, B. M., Duffrin, M. W., Barber-Heidal, K., & Overton, R. F. (2008). Nutrition-related knowledge, attitude, and dietary intake of college track athletes. Sport J, 11(1), 48-55.

Renard, M., Kelly, D. T., Chéilleachair, N. N., & Catháin, C. Ó. (2020). Evaluation of nutrition knowledge in female gaelic games players. Sports, 8(12), 154.

Ruiz, F., Irazusta, A., Gil, S., Irazusta, J., Casis, L., & Gil, J. (2005). Nutritional intake in soccer players of different ages. Journal of sports sciences, 23(3), 235-242.

Russell, M., & Pennock, A. (2011). Dietary analysis of young professional soccer players for 1 week during the competitive season. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 25(7), 1816-1823.

Sedek, R., & Yih, T. Y. (2014). Dietary habits and nutrition knowledge among athletes and nonathletes in National University of Malaysia (UKM). Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 13(12), 752.

Spendlove, J. K., Heaney, S. E., Gifford, J. A., Prvan, T., Denyer, G. S., & O'Connor, H. T. (2012). Evaluation of general nutrition knowledge in elite Australian athletes. British Journal of Nutrition, 107(12), 1871-1880.

Spronk, I., Heaney, S. E., Prvan, T., & O’Connor, H. T. (2015). Relationship between general nutrition knowledge and dietary quality in elite athletes. International journal of sport nutrition and exercise metabolism, 25(3), 243-251.

Sunuwar, D. R., Singh, D. R., Bohora, M. P., Shrestha, V., Karki, K., & Pradhan, P. M. S. (2021). Association of nutrition knowledge, practice, supplement use and nutrient intake with athletic performance among Taekwondo players in Nepal.

Tawfik, S., El Koofy, N., & Moawad, E. M. I. (2016). Patterns of nutrition and dietary supplements use in young Egyptian athletes: a community-based cross-sectional survey. PloS one, 11(8), e0161252.

Trakman, G. L., Forsyth, A., Devlin, B. L., & Belski, R. (2016). A systematic review of athletes’ and coaches’ nutrition knowledge and reflections on the quality of current nutrition knowledge measures. Nutrients, 8(9), 570.

Walsh, M., Carwright, L., Corish, C. Sugrue, S. & Wood-Martin, R. (2011). The body composition nutritional knowledge, attitudes, behaviors, and future education needs of senior schoolboy rugby players in Ireland. International journal of sport nutrition and exercise metabolism, 21(5), 365-376.






Research Articles