Sanjiao Heyi and Tibet

Resuscitating Buddhist and Daoist Perspectives


  • Ty Rossow



This paper considers Chinese Communist Party policies in Tibet from Confucian, Daoist, and Buddhist perspectives. I first explain how these three traditions are unified in the sanjiao heyi, but I contend that this practice has been neglected in favor of state repression. I then elucidate Confucianism, Daoism, and Buddhism with respect to their general principles and application in Tibet. I conclude that a fuller embrace of the sanjiao heyi where Confucian tenets are balanced by insights from Daoism and Buddhism would cultivate an anti-oppressive response to governmental control.




How to Cite

Rossow, T. (2023). Sanjiao Heyi and Tibet: Resuscitating Buddhist and Daoist Perspectives. Stance: An International Undergraduate Philosophy Journal, 16(1), 12–25.