Examination of Social Justice Behaviors: Testing an Integrated Model

  • Tuyet Mai Ha Hoang University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
  • Helen A. Neville
  • V. Paul Poteat
  • Lisa B. Spanierman
Keywords: Social justice, critical consciousness development, theory of planned behavior, sociopolitical development, Asian American, White American


In this study, we tested an integrated model of social justice behaviors among a community sample of 179 Asian American and White American adults. The integrated model builds on the theory of planned behavior (TPB) and sociopolitical development theory (SPD). Findings from path analyses provided partial support for the integrated model. Specifically, social justice awareness, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control were uniquely and positively related to participants’ social justice intention. Intention to act, however, did not predict self-reported social justice behaviors. Multiple group comparison analyses suggested that the aspects of the integrated model consistent with the TPB were better supported in the White American sample, whereas the aspects of the model consistent with SPD were a better fit for the Asian American sample. Particularly, social justice attitudes were related to self-reported actions for Asian Americans in the sample, but not White Americans.

How to Cite
Hoang, T. M. H., Neville, H. A., Poteat, V. P., & Spanierman, L. B. . (2021). Examination of Social Justice Behaviors: Testing an Integrated Model . Journal for Social Action in Counseling & Psychology, 12(2), 34-53. https://doi.org/10.33043/JSACP.12.2.34-53