The Anti-Racism Behavioral Inventory: A Validation Study


  • Alex L. Pieterse University at Albany - SUNY
  • Katherine Kirkinis Private Practice
  • Lynsay Paiko The University at Albany, SUNY
  • Matthew J. Miller Loyola University



anti-racism, advocacy, measurement, social justice


The current study extends the initial creation and validation of the Anti-Racism Behavioral Inventory (ARBI; Pieterse, Utsey & Miller, 2016), a measure designed to assess anti-racism awareness and behavior among Whites Americans. Given that the original measure was developed with a sample of graduate students in counseling psychology, the current study extends validation to a sample of White individuals who identify as anti-racism activists (N=153).  Findings support the original bifactor factor model of the Anti-Racism Behavioral inventory (one general anti-racism behavior factor and three domain-specific factors: individual advocacy, awareness of racism, and institutional advocacy). Additional evidence for validity was supported through negative associations with measures of the color-blind racial attitudes, as well as positive associations with scores on the White Privilege Awareness Inventory. Implications of the findings for training and future research are discussed.


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How to Cite

Pieterse, A. L., Kirkinis, K., Paiko, L., & Miller, M. (2023). The Anti-Racism Behavioral Inventory: A Validation Study . Journal for Social Action in Counseling & Psychology, 14(2), 48–63.