A Psychometric Review of Instruments for Social Justice and Advocacy Attitudes

  • Alexander W. Fietzer Department of Educational Foundations and Counseling, Hunter College of the City University of New York
  • Joseph Ponterotto Department of Counseling and Counseling Psychology, Fordham University.
Keywords: Social justice, Advocacy, Research instruments, Validity, Reliability


The authors review instruments measuring social justice and advocacy. A review of the literature revealed four scales that met inclusion criteria. The Activism Orientation Scale (AOS), Social Issues Advocacy Scale (SIAS), Social Issues Questionnaire (SIQ), and the Social Justice Scale (SJS) are evaluated in terms of item development, psychometric properties, and practical utility. Each instrument was evaluated on item development, reliability (internal consistency, test-retest reliability), and evidence for validity (in terms of content, internal structure, and relationship with other variables). In general, all of the instruments lacked adequate levels of psychometric evidence in test-retest reliability, validation on more diverse samples, and use of more robust confirmatory methods (e.g., confirmatory factor analysis). Recommendations and future directions for research are discussed.

How to Cite
Fietzer, A. W., & Ponterotto, J. (2015). A Psychometric Review of Instruments for Social Justice and Advocacy Attitudes. Journal for Social Action in Counseling & Psychology, 7(1), 19-40. https://doi.org/10.33043/JSACP.7.1.19-40